Tanzania Vaccine Requirements - Familiarize Before Travelling

Tanzania Vaccine Requirements – Familiarize Before Travelling

Pharmaceuticals and Vaccines

It is highly recommended you check the Tanzania vaccine requirements for more information before going on any trip, make sure you have all of your routine immunizations up to date especially if you are a Tanzanian. 

Vaccines Given Regularly

Chickenpox (Varicella), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP), flu (influenza), polio, shingles, and the measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine are only a few of the vaccines according to the Tanzania vaccine requirements. 

Vaccination schedules, as recommended by doctors for the above, visit this link.

COVID-19

Before traveling, everyone over five years old should be fully vaccinated against COVID-19 according to the Tanzania vaccine requirements.

Guideline for the use of COVID-19

Cholera

The vaccine is not recommended because there is no present transmission of cholera.

Cholera patients in Tanzania - Pandemic that was caused by massive influx of Burundi refugees back in year 2015
Cholera patients in Tanzania – Pandemic that was caused by massive influx of Burundi refugees back in year 2015

See: Clinical guidelines for the treatment of cholera (CDC Yellow Book)

Hepatitis A

  • Regardless of age, unvaccinated travelers visiting Tanzania should get a Hepatitis A vaccination as mandated by the Tanzania vaccine requirements.
  • Hepatitis A vaccination is also recommended for infants between 6 and 11 months. Not the standard two-dose series; this dose is not included.
  • One dose of immunoglobulin, which protects a traveler against disease for up to two months depending on dosage, should be supplied to those allergic to a vaccine component or younger than six months.
  • Initial vaccination and immune globulin dose are recommended for unvaccinated travelers over the age of 40, immunocompromised, or with chronic medical conditions who plan to travel within two weeks to a high-risk location.

Guidelines for the Treatment of Hepatitis A (CDC Yellow Book).

Information on the dosage.

Hepatitis B

The Tanzania vaccine requirements stated that regardless of age, all unvaccinated travelers to Tanzania are advised to take the Hepatitis B vaccine.

Guidelines for the Treatment of Hepatitis B (CDC Yellow Book)

Information on the dosage.

Malaria

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that visitors to Tanzania carry prescription malaria medicine to protect themselves from the disease. Depending on the prescription, you may need to begin taking it before, during, and after your trip. Consult your doctor about the best way to deal with malaria.

  • Learn more about malaria in each nation you visit.
  • Medical Treatment for Malaria (CDC Yellow Book).
  • Factors to consider while choosing a malaria prevention medication (CDC Yellow Book)
  • Information on malaria in Tanzania and check Tanzania vaccine requirements.

Measles Prevention Tips

A single dose of the MMR vaccine should be given to infants aged 6 to 11 months who plan to travel internationally. The standard childhood immunization does not involve this dose.

  • Guidelines for the treatment of measles (Rubeola) (CDC Yellow Book)

Rabies Recommendations:

Rabid dogs can be found all around Tanzania. While getting rabies treatment for a dog bite or scratch in Tanzania may not be possible, it is advisable that your travel plans include rabies vaccination based on Tanzania vaccine requirements. Most especially if you will have encounters with dogs or other wildlife. You may want to get vaccinated against rabies before you go on your journey.

The following travelers have a higher risk of encountering a rabid animal:

  • Veterinarians, animal handlers, field biologists, and laboratory staff who work with animal specimens are included in this category.
  • Tourists from rural areas
  • To protect children traveling to Tanzania by going with Tanzania vaccine requirements, consider a rabies vaccination because they are more likely to be bitten or scratched.

Recommendations for the Treatment of Rabies in the Clinic (CDC Yellow Book)

Typhoid

A child with typhoid fever lying on her sister
A child with typhoid fever lying on her sister

Most travelers should follow these tips, especially those living with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities or rural areas.

Clinical Guidelines for Typhoid (CDC Yellow Book)

A breakdown of the dosage (CDC Yellow Book)

Yellow Fever

Prescriptions for Yellow Fever Recommendations are required if traveling from or transiting through an area where Yellow Fever (YF) virus transmission is a danger.

According to Tanzania vaccine requirements, it is not needed if you are going to Tanzania.

Guidelines for Healthcare Providers on Yellow Fever (CDC Yellow Book)

Non-Vaccine-Preventable Diseases

It is advisable to avoid water that has been contaminated according to Tanzania vaccine requirements.

Leptospirosis

Listed below are the most typical ways in which the disease is transmitted:

  • Interactions with leptospirosis-infected body fluids (urine or otherwise)
  • Contact with urine-contaminated dirt or freshwater while swimming or wading
  • Consumption of animal urine-tainted water or food

Precautions: Avoid contact with polluted water or soil.

Leptospirosis: Clinical Guidelines for Healthcare Professionals

Schistosomiasis

  • The disease is spread by swimming, wading, bathing, or even laundry in tainted rivers, freshwater streams, ponds, or lakes.

Advice: Avoid water that has been contaminated.

Clinicians’ Guidance for Schistosomiasis Treatment

Cautious of Insect Bites

Sleeping sickness (African Trypanosomiasis)

Listed below are the most typical ways the disease is transmitted: Tsetse flies stings.

Beware of its Bites

Trypanosomiasis in Africa: Clinical Guidelines for Healthcare Professionals

Tick-Bite Fever in Africa

Among the most typical ways, the disease spreads via a bite from a tick.

Advice for avoiding tick bites:

Clinical guidelines for Africa, tick-bite fever.

Chikungunya

The disease is transmitted via mosquito bites.

It is crucial to avoid mosquito bites.

Chikungunya: Clinical Guidelines for Healthcare Professionals

Hemorrhagic Viral Fever

Listed below are the most typical ways in which the disease is transmitted:

  • The biting of a tick
  • Exposure to body secretions from an infected form.

Advice: Stay Away From Insects!

Hemorrhagic viral fever in the Crimea and the Congo

Clinical recommendations for healthcare professionals

Dengue

Listed below are typical ways in which the fever is transmitted:

  • Mosquito bites

Advice: Avoid mosquito bites.

Dengue: Clinical Guidelines for Healthcare Providers

Avoid Contact with Animals at All Costs

Rift Valley fever (RVF) Infections

Listed below are the most typical ways the disease is transmitted: Blood, body fluids, tissue from an afflicted animal, and mosquito bites.

Advice: Do not get too close to animals, and protect yourself from Insect Bites.

Recommendations for Healthcare Providers in the Treatment of Rift Valley fever

Airborne and Droplet-Transmissible Disease

Hantavirus

Listed below are the most typical ways the disease is transmitted: Inhaling filthy air or eating food contaminated by infected rats’ urine, droppings, or saliva. Being bitten by an infected mouse. Being close to a hantavirus patient (only occurs with Andes virus majorly).

Advice: Avoid Rodents and their habitat and unwell people.

Health Care Professionals’ Clinical Practice Guidelines for Hantavirus

Tuberculosis (TB)

Among the most typical ways the disease spreads:

Tuberculosis can be spread through the air by an infected and contagious individual coughing, speaking, or singing.

Advice: Stay away from persons who are sick.

Clinicians guidelines for a pulmonary disease known as tuberculosis (TB)

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