The aardvark is the sole member of the order Tubulidentata. They are distinguished by teeth that lack a pulp cavity and form thin tubes that are constantly worn down and replaced.
Aardvark, O. afer LC
The Order (hyraxes) of Hyracoidea
These contain four hyraxes species: thickset, small, herbivorous animals. They are well-furred, like a domestic cat size, with a body that’s round and a stumpy tail. Found only in Middle East and the Africa.
Western tree hyrax, Dendrohyrax dorsalis LC
Southern tree hyrax, Dendrohyrax arboreus LC
Eastern tree hyrax, Dendrohyrax validus NT
Yellow-spotted rock hyrax, Heterohyrax brucei LC
Cape hyrax, Procavia capensis LC
The Order (elephants) of Proboscidea
Elephants are enormous extant terrestrial creatures, consisting of three kinds.
African bush elephant, L. africana EN
The Order (dugongs and manatees): Sirenia
Sirenia is a group of herbivorous, totally aquatic mammals that live in rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four are threatened with extinction.
Dugong, D. dugon VU
The Order of Primates
Humans and their closest relatives are classified as Primates, which includes lemurs, tarsiers, lorisoids, apes, and monkeys.
Prince Demidoff’s bushbaby, Galagoides demidovii LR/lc
Rodents are the most innumerable mammals, accounting for more than 40% of all species. Having two incisors in each jaw which grow continuously but kept short for gnawing. Although most rodents are small, the capybara can weigh 45 kg (99 lb).
Lagomorphs are divided into two families: Leporidae (hares and rabbits) and Ochotonidae (pikas). Similar to rodents and classified as a superfamily Order until the early twentieth century, they are now regarded as a different order. They differ from rodents in several ways, including having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.
Leporidae (rabbits, hares)
Smith’s red rock hare, Pronolagus rupestris LR/lc
Cape hare, Lepus capensis LR/lc
African savanna hare, Lepus microtis LR/lc
The Order (hedgehogs and gymnures) of Erinaceomorpha
The order Erinaceomorpha comprises a single family, Erinaceidae, which includes hedgehogs and gymnures. Hedgehogs can be identified by their spines, while gymnures resemble giant rats.
Four-toed hedgehog,Atelerix albiventris LR/lc
The Order (shrews, moles, and solenodons) of Soricomorpha
Insectivorous animals are “shrew-forms.” Shrews and solenodons are similar to mice, while moles are large borrowers.
Bats are the only mammals that can soar for extended periods. The existence of a flying membrane that stretches between elongated bones in hand and wrist to form the wing structure distinguishes bats. While we don’t think of bats as “typical mammals,” they account for more than 20% of all mammals. The evolutionary novelty of flight is responsible for its widespread radiation and diversity.
Light-winged lesser house bat, Scotoecus albofuscus DD
Dark-winged lesser house bat, Scotoecus hirundo DD
Schreber’s yellow bat, Scotophilus nigrita NT
African yellow bat, Scotophilus dinganii LC
Greenish yellow bat, Scotophilus viridis LC
Least long-fingered bat, Miniopterus minor NT
Greater long-fingered bat, Miniopterus inflatus LC
Natal long-fingered bat, Miniopterus natalensis NT
Spotted free-tailed bat, Chaerephon bivittata LC
Gland-tailed free-tailed bat, Chaerephon bemmeleni LC
Lappet-eared free-tailed bat, Chaerephon major LC
Little free-tailed bat, Chaerephon pumila LC
Nigerian free-tailed bat, Chaerephon nigeriae LC
Angolan free-tailed bat, Mops condylurus LC
Sierra Leone free-tailed bat, Mops brachypterus LC
Midas free-tailed bat, Mops midas LC
Large-eared free-tailed bat, Otomops martiensseni NT
Madagascan large free-tailed bat, Tadarida fulminans LC
Egyptian free-tailed bat, Tadarida aegyptiaca LC
African giant free-tailed bat, Tadarida ventralis NT
African sheath-tailed bat, Coleura afra LC
Hildegarde’s tomb bat, Taphozous hildegardeae VU
Hamilton’s tomb bat, Taphozous hamiltoni NT
Mauritian tomb bat, Taphozous mauritianus LC
Egyptian tomb bat, Taphozous perforatus LC
Naked-rumped tomb bat, Taphozous nudiventris LC
Andersen’s slit-faced bat, Nycteris aurita DD
Bate’s slit-faced bat, Nycteris arge LC
Large slit-faced bat, Nycteris grandis LC
Intermediate slit-faced bat, Nycteris intermedia NT
Hairy slit-faced bat, Nycteris hispida LC
Large-eared slit-faced bat, Nycteris macrotis LC
Egyptian slit-faced bat, Nycteris thebaica LC
Dwarf slit-faced bat, Nycteris nana LC
Wood’s slit-faced bat, Nycteris woodi NT
Heart-nosed bat, Cardioderma cor LC
Yellow-winged bat, Lavia frons LC
Rhinolophus clivosus LC, Geoffroy’s horseshoe bat,
R. blasii LC , Blasius’s horseshoe bat,
Rhinolophus darlingi LC, Darling’s horseshoe bat,
Rhinolophus eloquens DD, Eloquent horseshoe bat,
Rhinolophus deckenii DD, Decken’s horseshoe bat,
Rhinolophus hildebrandti LC, Hildebrandt’s horseshoe bat,
Rhinolophus fumigatus LC, Rüppell’s horseshoe bat,
Rhinolophus landeri LC, Lander’s horseshoe bat,
Rhinolophus simulator LC, horseshoe bat,
Rhinolophus maendeleo DD, Maendeleo horseshoe bat,
Rhinolophus swinnyi NT, Swinny’s horseshoe bat,
Trident leaf-nosed bat, Asellia tridens LC
Percival’s trident bat, Cloeotis percivali VU
Cyclops roundleaf bat, Hipposideros cyclops LC
Sundevall’s roundleaf bat, Hipposideros caffer LC
Giant roundleaf bat, Hipposideros gigas LC
Noack’s roundleaf bat, Hipposideros ruber LC
Commerson’s roundleaf bat, Hipposideros marungensis NT
Persian trident bat, Triaenops persicus LC
The Order (pangolins) of Pholidota
This includes the eight pangolin species. Pangolins are anteaters, with the same formidable claws, extended snout, and long tongue as other unrelated anteater species.
Ground pangolin, Manis temminckii LR/nt
Giant pangolin, Manis gigantea LR/lc
Tree pangolin, Manis tricuspis LR/lc
The Order (whales) of Cetacea
Dolphins, whales, and porpoises are all members of the Cetacea order. These animals are best adapted to an aquatic existence, spindle-shaped, virtually hairless and protected by a coating of blubber, forelimbs, and tail modified to facilitate underwater propulsion.
These ungulates are mammals that browse and graze. They are typically very huge with varying sizes, a large middle toe and simple stomachs.
The Equidae; (horses etc.)
Grant’s zebra, Equus quagga boehmi NT
Eastern black rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis michaeli CR
The Order (even-toed ungulates) of Artiodactyla
Even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is distributed almost evenly between the third and fourth toes, rather than primarily or wholly by the third, as in perissodactyls. There are over 220 artiodactyl species, many of which are economically significant to humans.
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