Tanzanian Mammals - A List of Recorded Species in the Country

Tanzanian Mammals – A List of Recorded Species in the Country

Mammals found in Tanzania are all captured here. Tanzania has two critically endangered animal species, 19 vulnerable species, 13 endangered species, and 17 near threatened species.

Tags are utilized to emphasize the conservation status of each species as determined by the IUCN; examples are:

  • EX: Extinct –The species are all dead.
  • EW: Endangered in the wild – They are only known to exist in captivity or living in naturalized population well beyond their historic range.
  • CR: Stands for Critically Endangered – The species faces an exceedingly high risk of extinction in the wild.
  • EN: Endangered species – The species face an exceedingly high risk of extinction in the wild.
  • VU: Stands for Vulnerable – The species faces a significant risk of extinction in the wild.
  • NT: Stands for Near Threatened – The species is not now considered endangered but will likely become so in the future.
  • LC: Stands for Least Care – These species are not currently endangered in the wild.
  • DD: Stands for Data Deficit – There is insufficient data to determine the species’ extinction danger.

Some species of Tanzania mammals were evaluated using a different set of criteria. This method assigns the following categories to species instead of near threatened and least concern:

  • (LR/CD) For Lower Risk Or Conservation Dependent – Species were the target of conservation programs and may have shifted into a higher risk category if those programs were terminated.
  • LR/NT For Low Risk Or Near/Almost Threatened – Species on the verge of being classed as vulnerable are not the focus of conservation efforts.
  • (LR/LC) For Lower Risk Or Least Concern – This species has no known threats.

List of Mammals of Tanzania – Order, Family, Subfamily, Genus, and Categories

The Order (golden moles and tenrecs) of Afrosoricida

These include the southern African golden moles and tenrecs of Madagascar. These Tanzania mammals were traditionally in the Insectivora order. 

Family Subfamily Genus Categories
Tenrecidae (tenrecs) Potamogalinae Potamogale Giant otter shrew,          P. velox LC
Chrysochloridae Chrysochlorinae Chrysochlorinae Stuhlmann’s golden mole, 

C. stuhlmanni LC

The Order (elephant shrews) of Macroscelidea

These elephant shrews, or sengis, sometimes called jumping shrews, are native to southern Africa. Their common English name refers to their long, flexible snout and similarity to real shrews.

Elephant shrews
Elephant shrews
Family Genus Genus Genus
Macroscelididae (elephant-shrews) Elephantulus

  • Rufous elephant shrew, Elephantulus rufescens LC
  • Short-snouted elephant shrew, Elephantulus brachyrhynchus LC

  • Four-toed elephant shrew, Petrodromus tetradactylus LC

  • Black and rufous elephant shrew, R. petersi LC
  • Checkered elephant shrew, R. cirnei LC
  • Grey-faced elephant shrew, R. udzungwensis VU

The Order (aardvarks) of Tubulidentata

The aardvark is the sole member of the order Tubulidentata. They are distinguished by teeth that lack a pulp cavity and form thin tubes that are constantly worn down and replaced.

Family Genus Categories
Orycteropodidae Orycteropus     Aardvark, O. afer LC

The Order (hyraxes) of Hyracoidea

These contain four hyraxes species: thickset, small, herbivorous animals. They are well-furred, like a domestic cat size, with a body that’s round and a stumpy tail. Found only in Middle East and the Africa.

Family Genus Genus Genus
Procaviidae (hyraxes) Dendrohyrax

  • Western tree hyrax, Dendrohyrax dorsalis LC
  • Southern tree hyrax, Dendrohyrax arboreus LC
  • Eastern tree hyrax, Dendrohyrax validus NT

  • Yellow-spotted rock hyrax, Heterohyrax brucei LC

  • Cape hyrax, Procavia capensis LC

The Order (elephants) of Proboscidea

Elephants are enormous extant terrestrial creatures, consisting of three kinds.

Family Genus Categories
Elephantidae (elephants) Loxodonta     African bush elephant, L. africana EN

The Order (dugongs and manatees): Sirenia

Sirenia is a group of herbivorous, totally aquatic mammals that live in rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. All four are threatened with extinction.

Family Genus Categories
Dugongidae Dugong     Dugong, D. dugon VU

The Order of Primates

Humans and their closest relatives are classified as Primates, which includes lemurs, tarsiers, lorisoids, apes, and monkeys.

1 Suborder Strepsirrhini
2 Infraorder Lemuriformes
3 Superfamily Lorisoidea
4 Family Galagidae
5 Genus Galagoides

  • Prince Demidoff’s bushbaby, Galagoides demidovii LR/lc
  • Galagoides granti DD, Grant’s bushbaby, 
  • Rondo dwarf galago, Galagoides rondoensis EN
  • Galagoides orinus DD, mammals, Uluguru bushbaby, 
  • Zanzibar bushbaby, Galagoides zanzibaricus LR/nt
  • Thomas’s bushbaby, Galagoides thomasi LR/lc
6 Genus Galago

  • Senegal bushbaby, Galago senegalensis LR/lc
  • Mohol bushbaby, Galago moholi LR/lc
7 Genus Otolemur

  • Northern greater galago, Otolemur garnettii LR/lc
  • Brown greater galago, Otolemur crassicaudatus LR/lc
8 Suborder Haplorhini
9 Infraorder Simiiformes
10 Parvorder Catarrhini
11 Superfamily Cercopithecoidea
12 Family Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
13 Genus Erythrocebus

  • Patas monkey, Erythrocebus patas LR/lc
14 Genus:  Chlorocebus 

  • Vervet monkey, Chlorocebus pygerythrus LR/lc
15 Genus Cercopithecus 

  • Red-tailed monkey, Cercopithecus ascanius LR/lc
  • Blue monkey, Cercopithecus mitis LR/lc
16 Genus Lophocebus

  • Grey-cheeked mangabey, Lophocebus albigena LR/lc
17 Genus Papio

  • Yellow baboon, Papio cynocephalus LR/lc
  • Olive baboon, Papio anubis LR/lc
18 Genus Cercocebus

  • Crested mangabey, Cercocebus galeritus LR/nt
19 Subfamily Colobinae
20 Genus Colobus

  • Mantled guereza, Colobus guereza LR/lc
  • Angola colobus, Colobus angolensis LR/lc
21 Genus Procolobus

22 Superfamily Hominoidea
23 Family Hominidae
24 Subfamily Homininae
25 Tribe Panini
26 Genus Pan

  • Eastern chimpanzee, P. t. schweinfurthii EN
  • Common chimpanzee, P. troglodytes EN

The Order (rodents) of Rodentia

Rodents are the most innumerable mammals, accounting for more than 40% of all species. Having two incisors in each jaw which grow continuously but kept short for gnawing. Although most rodents are small, the capybara can weigh 45 kg (99 lb).

1 Suborder Hystricognathi
2 Family Bathyergidae
3 Genus Cryptomys

  • Common mole-rat, Cryptomys hottentotus LC
4 Genus Heliophobius

  • Silvery mole-rat, Heliophobius argenteocinereus LC
5 Family Hystricidae (Old World porcupines)
6 Genus Atherurus

  • African brush-tailed porcupine, Atherurus africanus LC
7 Genus Hystrix

  • Crested porcupine, Hystrix cristata LC
  • Cape porcupine, Hystrix africaeaustralis LC
8 Family Thryonomyidae (cane rats)
9 Genus Thryonomys

  • Lesser cane rat, Thryonomys gregorianus LC
  • Greater cane rat, Thryonomys swinderianus LC
10 Suborder Sciurognathi
11 Family Anomaluridae
12 Subfamily Anomalurinae
13 Genus Anomalurus

  • Lord Derby’s scaly-tailed squirrel, Anomalurus derbianus LC
14 Subfamily Zenkerellinae
15 Genus Idiurus

  • Long-eared flying mouse, Idiurus macrotis LC
16 Family Pedetidae (spring hare)
17 Genus Pedetes

  • Springhare, Pedetes surdaster LC
18 Family Sciuridae (squirrels)
19 Subfamily Xerinae
20 Tribe Xerini
21 Genus Xerus

  • Unstriped ground squirrel, Xerus rutilus LC
  • Striped ground squirrel, Xerus erythropus LC
22 Tribe Protoxerini
23 Genus Heliosciurus

  • Zanj sun squirrel, Heliosciurus undulatus DD
  • Mutable sun squirrel, Heliosciurus mutabilis LC
  • Gambian sun squirrel, Heliosciurus gambianus LC
  • Red-legged sun squirrel, Heliosciurus rufobrachium LC
24 Genus Paraxerus

  • Swynnerton’s bush squirrel, Paraxerus vexillarius VU
  • Smith’s bush squirrel, Paraxerus cepapi LC
  • Boehm’s bush squirrel, Paraxerus boehmi LC
  • Striped bush squirrel, Paraxerus flavovittis DD
  • Ochre bush squirrel, Paraxerus ochraceus LC
  • Black and red bush squirrel, Paraxerus lucifer DD
  • Red bush squirrel, Paraxerus palliatus LC
25 Genus Protoxerus

  • Forest giant squirrel, Protoxerus stangeri LC
26 Family Gliridae (dormice)
27 Subfamily Graphiurinae
28 Genus Graphiurus

  • Lorrain dormouse, Graphiurus lorraineus LC
  • Small-eared dormouse, Graphiurus microtis LC
  • Kellen’s dormouse, Graphiurus kelleni LC
29 Family Spalacidae
30 Subfamily Tachyoryctinae
31 Genus Tachyoryctes

  • Demon African mole-rat, Tachyoryctes daemon LC
32 Family Nesomyidae
33 Subfamily Dendromurinae
34 Genus Dendromus

  • Montane African climbing mouse, Dendromus insignis LC
  • Gray climbing mouse, Dendromus melanotis LC
  • Brants’s climbing mouse, Dendromus mesomelas LC
  • Chestnut climbing mouse, Dendromus mystacalis LC
  • Nyika climbing mouse, Dendromus nyikae LC
35 Genus Steatomys

  • Tiny fat mouse, Steatomys parvus LC
  • Fat mouse, Steatomys pratensis LC
36 Subfamily Cricetomyinae
37 Genus Beamys

  • Lesser hamster-rat, Beamys hindei NT
  • Greater hamster-rat, Beamys major NT
38 Genus Cricetomys

  • Emin’s pouched rat, Cricetomys emini LC
  • Gambian pouched rat, Cricetomys gambianus LC
39 Genus Saccostomus

  • South African pouched mouse, Saccostomus campestris LC
  • Mearns’s pouched mouse, Saccostomus mearnsi LC
40 Family Cricetidae
41 Subfamily Lophiomyinae
42 Genus Lophiomys

  • Maned rat, Lophiomys imhausi LC
43 Family Muridae (mice, rats, voles, gerbils, hamsters, etc.)
44 Subfamily Deomyinae
45 Genus Acomys

  • Fiery spiny mouse, Acomys ignitus LC
  • Kemp’s spiny mouse, Acomys kempi LC
  • Spiny mouse, Acomys spinosissimus LC
  • Wilson’s spiny mouse, Acomys wilsoni LC
46 Genus Lophuromys

  • Yellow-spotted brush-furred rat, Lophuromys flavopunctatus LC
  • Rusty-bellied brush-furred rat, Lophuromys sikapusi LC
47 Subfamily Otomyinae
48 Genus Otomys

  • Angoni vlei rat, Otomys angoniensis LC
  • Dent’s vlei rat, Otomys denti NT
  • Tanzanian vlei rat, Otomys lacustris NT
  • Afroalpine vlei rat, Otomys orestes DD
  • Uzungwe vlei rat, Otomys uzungwensis EN
49 Subfamily Gerbillinae
50 Genus Gerbillus

  • Harwood’s gerbil, Gerbillus harwoodi LC
  • Least gerbil, Gerbillus pusillus LC
51 Genus Tatera

  • Tatera boehmi LC, Boehm’s gerbil, 
  • Tatera inclusa LC, Gorongoza gerbil,
  • Tatera leucogaster LC, Bushveld gerbil,
  • Tatera nigricauda LC, Black-tailed gerbil, 
  • Tatera robusta LC, Fringe-tailed gerbil, 
  • Tatera valida LC , Savanna gerbil, 
52 Genus Taterillus

  • Harrington’s gerbil, Taterillus harringtoni LC
53 Subfamily Murinae
54 Genus Aethomys

  • Red rock rat, Aethomys chrysophilus LC
  • Hinde’s rock rat, Aethomys hindei LC
  • Kaiser’s rock rat, Aethomys kaiseri LC
55 Genus Arvicanthis

  • Nairobi grass rat, Arvicanthis nairobae LC
  • African grass rat, Arvicanthis niloticus LC
  • Neumann’s grass rat, Arvicanthis neumanni DD
56 Genus Dasymys

  • African marsh rat, Dasymys incomtus LC
57 Genus Grammomys

  • Woodland thicket rat, Grammomys dolichurus LC
  • Ruwenzori thicket rat, Grammomys ibeanus LC
  • Macmillan’s thicket rat, Grammomys macmillani LC
58 Genus Hylomyscus

  • Montane wood mouse, Hylomyscus denniae LC
  • Stella wood mouse, Hylomyscus stella LC
59 Genus Lemniscomys

  • Single-striped grass mouse, Lemniscomys rosalia LC
  • Typical striped grass mouse, Lemniscomys striatus LC
  • Heuglin’s striped grass mouse, Lemniscomys zebra LC
60 Genus Mastomys

  • Natal multimammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis LC
  • Dwarf multimammate mouse, Mastomys pernanus DD
61 Genus Mus

  • African pygmy mouse, Mus minutoides LC
  • Neave’s mouse, Mus neavei DD
  • Thomas’s pygmy mouse, Mus sorella LC
  • Delicate mouse, Mus tenellus LC
  • Gray-bellied pygmy mouse, Mus triton LC
62 Genus Mylomys

  • African groove-toothed rat, Mylomys dybowskii LC
63 Genus Myomyscus

  • Brockman’s rock mouse, Myomyscus brockmani LC
64 Genus Oenomys

  • Common rufous-nosed rat, Oenomys hypoxanthus LC
65 Genus Pelomys

  • Creek groove-toothed swamp rat, Pelomys fallax LC
  • Hopkins’s groove-toothed swamp rat, Pelomys hopkinsi VU
  • Least groove-toothed swamp rat, Pelomys minor LC
66 Genus Praomys

  • Delectable soft-furred mouse, Praomys delectorum NT
  • Jackson’s soft-furred mouse, Praomys jacksoni LC
67 Genus Rhabdomys

  • Four-striped grass mouse, Rhabdomys pumilio LC
68 Genus Thallomys

  • Loring’s rat, Thallomys loringi LC
  • Acacia rat, Thallomys paedulcus LC
69 Genus Zelotomys

  • Hildegarde’s broad-headed mouse, Zelotomys hildegardeae LC

The Order (lagomorphs) of Lagomorpha


Lagomorphs are divided into two families: Leporidae (hares and rabbits) and Ochotonidae (pikas). Similar to rodents and classified as a superfamily Order until the early twentieth century, they are now regarded as a different order. They differ from rodents in several ways, including having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two.

Family Genus Categories
Leporidae (rabbits, hares) Pronolagus Smith’s red rock hare, Pronolagus rupestris LR/lc
  • Cape hare, Lepus capensis LR/lc
  • African savanna hare, Lepus microtis LR/lc

The Order (hedgehogs and gymnures) of Erinaceomorpha

The order Erinaceomorpha comprises a single family, Erinaceidae, which includes hedgehogs and gymnures. Hedgehogs can be identified by their spines, while gymnures resemble giant rats.

Family Subfamily Genus
Erinaceidae (hedgehogs) Erinaceinae Atelerix

Four-toed hedgehog,Atelerix albiventris LR/lc

The Order (shrews, moles, and solenodons) of Soricomorpha

Insectivorous animals are “shrew-forms.” Shrews and solenodons are similar to mice, while moles are large borrowers.

1 Family Soricidae (shrews)
2 Subfamily Crocidurinae
3 Genus Crocidura

  • East African highland shrew, Crocidura allex LC
  • Reddish-gray musk shrew, Crocidura cyanea LC
  • Desperate shrew, Crocidura desperata EN
  • Elgon shrew, Crocidura elgonius LC
  • Fischer’s shrew, Crocidura fischeri DD
  • Bicolored musk shrew, Crocidura fuscomurina LC
  • Peters’s musk shrew, Crocidura gracilipes DD
  • Hildegarde’s shrew, Crocidura hildegardeae LC
  • Lesser red musk shrew, Crocidura hirta LC
  • Moonshine shrew, Crocidura luna LC
  • Kilimanjaro shrew, Crocidura monax DD
  • Montane white-toothed shrew, Crocidura montis LC
  • Savanna dwarf shrew, Crocidura nanilla LC
  • African giant shrew, Crocidura olivieri LC
  • Small-footed shrew, Crocidura parvipes LC
  • Roosevelt’s shrew, Crocidura roosevelti LC
  • Lesser gray-brown musk shrew, Crocidura silacea LC
  • Tanzanian shrew, Crocidura tansaniana VU
  • Telford’s shrew, Crocidura telfordi EN
  • Turbo shrew, Crocidura turba LC
  • Usambara shrew, Crocidura usambarae EN
  • Xanthippe’s shrew, Crocidura xantippe LC
4 Genus Suncus

  • Least dwarf shrew, Suncus infinitesimus LC
  • Greater dwarf shrew, Suncus lixus LC
  • Lesser dwarf shrew, Suncus varilla LC
5 Genus Sylvisorex

  • Grant’s forest shrew, Sylvisorex granti LC
  • Howell’s forest shrew, Sylvisorex howelli VU
  • Johnston’s forest shrew, Sylvisorex johnstoni LC
  • Climbing shrew, Sylvisorex megalura LC
6 Subfamily Myosoricinae
7 Genus Myosorex

  • Kihaule’s mouse shrew, Myosorex kihaulei EN
  • Geata mouse shrew, Myosorex geata DD
  • Kilimanjaro mouse shrew, Myosorex zinki VU

The Order (bats) of Chiroptera

Bats are the only mammals that can soar for extended periods. The existence of a flying membrane that stretches between elongated bones in hand and wrist to form the wing structure distinguishes bats. While we don’t think of bats as “typical mammals,” they account for more than 20% of all mammals. The evolutionary novelty of flight is responsible for its widespread radiation and diversity.

1 Family Pteropodidae (flying foxes, Old World fruit bats)
2 Subfamily Pteropodinae
3 Genus Eidolon

  • Genus: Epomophorus
  • Straw-coloured fruit bat, Eidolon helvum LC
  • Peters’s epauletted fruit bat, Epomophorus crypturus LC
  • East African epauletted fruit bat, Epomophorus minimus LC
  • Ethiopian epauletted fruit bat, Epomophorus labiatus LC
  • Wahlberg’s epauletted fruit bat, Epomophorus wahlbergi LC
4 Genus Epomops

  • Franquet’s epauletted fruit bat, Epomops franqueti LC
  • Dobson’s epauletted fruit bat, Epomops dobsoni LC
5 Genus Lissonycteris

  • Angolan rousette, Lissonycteris angolensis LC
6 Genus Micropteropus

  • Peters’s dwarf epauletted fruit bat, Micropteropus pusillus LC
7 Genus Myonycteris

  • East African little collared fruit bat, Myonycteris relicta VU
8 Genus Pteropus

  • Pemba flying fox, Pteropus voeltzkowi VU
  • Seychelles fruit bat, Pteropus seychellensis LC
9 Genus Rousettus

  • Long-haired rousette, Rousettus lanosus LC
  • Egyptian fruit bat, Rousettus aegyptiacus LC
10 Family Vespertilionidae
11 Subfamily Kerivoulinae
12 Genus Kerivoula

  • Damara woolly bat, Kerivoula argentata LC
  • Tanzanian woolly bat, Kerivoula africana EN
  • Lesser woolly bat, Kerivoula lanosa LC
13 Subfamily Myotinae
14 Genus Myotis

  • Cape hairy bat, Myotis tricolor LC
  • Rufous mouse-eared bat, Myotis bocagii LC
  • Welwitsch’s bat, Myotis welwitschii LC
15 Subfamily Vespertilioninae
16 Genus Glauconycteris

  • Butterfly bat, Glauconycteris variegata LC
  • Silvered bat, Glauconycteris argentata LC
17 Genus Laephotis

  • De Winton’s long-eared bat, Laephotis wintoni LC
  • Botswanan long-eared bat, Laephotis botswanae LC
18 Genus Mimetillus

  • Moloney’s mimic bat, Mimetillus moloneyi LC
19 Genus Neoromicia

  • Heller’s pipistrelle, Neoromicia helios DD
  • Cape serotine, Neoromicia capensis LC
  • Melck’s house bat, Neoromicia melckorum DD
  • Rendall’s serotine, Neoromicia rendalli LC
  • Banana pipistrelle, Neoromicia nanus LC
  • White-winged serotine, Neoromicia tenuipinnis LC
  • Somali Serotine, Neoromicia somalicus LC
20 Genus Nycticeinops

  • Schlieffen’s bat, Nycticeinops schlieffeni LC
21 Genus Pipistrellus

  • Rüppell’s pipistrelle, Pipistrellus rueppelli LC
  • Dar es Salaam pipistrelle, Pipistrellus permixtus DD
  • Rusty pipistrelle, Pipistrellus rusticus LC
22 Genus Scotoecus

  • Hinde’s lesser house bat, Scotoecus hindei DD
  • Light-winged lesser house bat, Scotoecus albofuscus DD
  • Dark-winged lesser house bat, Scotoecus hirundo DD
23 Genus Scotophilus

  • Schreber’s yellow bat, Scotophilus nigrita NT
  • African yellow bat, Scotophilus dinganii LC
  • Greenish yellow bat, Scotophilus viridis LC
24 Subfamily Miniopterinae
25 Genus Miniopterus

  • Least long-fingered bat, Miniopterus minor NT
  • Greater long-fingered bat, Miniopterus inflatus LC
  • Natal long-fingered bat, Miniopterus natalensis NT
26 Family Molossidae
27 Genus Chaerephon

  • Spotted free-tailed bat, Chaerephon bivittata LC
  • Gland-tailed free-tailed bat, Chaerephon bemmeleni LC
  • Lappet-eared free-tailed bat, Chaerephon major LC
  • Little free-tailed bat, Chaerephon pumila LC
  • Nigerian free-tailed bat, Chaerephon nigeriae LC
28 Genus Mops

  • Angolan free-tailed bat, Mops condylurus LC
  • Sierra Leone free-tailed bat, Mops brachypterus LC
  • Midas free-tailed bat, Mops midas LC
29 Genus Otomops

Large-eared free-tailed bat, Otomops martiensseni NT

30 Genus Tadarida

  • Madagascan large free-tailed bat, Tadarida fulminans LC
  • Egyptian free-tailed bat, Tadarida aegyptiaca LC
  • African giant free-tailed bat, Tadarida ventralis NT
31 Family Emballonuridae
32 Genus Coleura

African sheath-tailed bat, Coleura afra LC

33 Genus Taphozous

  • Hildegarde’s tomb bat, Taphozous hildegardeae VU
  • Hamilton’s tomb bat, Taphozous hamiltoni NT
  • Mauritian tomb bat, Taphozous mauritianus LC
  • Egyptian tomb bat, Taphozous perforatus LC
  • Naked-rumped tomb bat, Taphozous nudiventris LC
34 Family Nycteridae
35 Genus Nycteris

  • Andersen’s slit-faced bat, Nycteris aurita DD
  • Bate’s slit-faced bat, Nycteris arge LC
  • Large slit-faced bat, Nycteris grandis LC
  • Intermediate slit-faced bat, Nycteris intermedia NT
  • Hairy slit-faced bat, Nycteris hispida LC
  • Large-eared slit-faced bat, Nycteris macrotis LC
  • Egyptian slit-faced bat, Nycteris thebaica LC
  • Dwarf slit-faced bat, Nycteris nana LC
  • Wood’s slit-faced bat, Nycteris woodi NT
36 Family Megadermatidae
Genus Cardioderma

Heart-nosed bat, Cardioderma cor LC

Genus Lavia

Yellow-winged bat, Lavia frons LC

37 Subfamily Rhinolophinae
38 Family Rhinolophidae
39 Genus Rhinolophus

  • Rhinolophus clivosus LC, Geoffroy’s horseshoe bat, 
  • R. blasii LC , Blasius’s horseshoe bat,
  • Rhinolophus darlingi LC, Darling’s horseshoe bat, 
  • Rhinolophus eloquens DD, Eloquent horseshoe bat, 
  • Rhinolophus deckenii DD, Decken’s horseshoe bat,
  • Rhinolophus hildebrandti LC, Hildebrandt’s horseshoe bat, 
  • Rhinolophus fumigatus LC, Rüppell’s horseshoe bat,
  • Rhinolophus landeri LC, Lander’s horseshoe bat, 
  • Rhinolophus simulator LC, horseshoe bat,
  • Rhinolophus maendeleo DD, Maendeleo horseshoe bat,
  • Rhinolophus swinnyi NT, Swinny’s horseshoe bat,
40 Subfamily Hipposiderinae
41 Genus Asellia

  • Trident leaf-nosed bat, Asellia tridens LC
42 Genus Cloeotis

  • Percival’s trident bat, Cloeotis percivali VU
43 Genus Hipposideros

  • Cyclops roundleaf bat, Hipposideros cyclops LC
  • Sundevall’s roundleaf bat, Hipposideros caffer LC
  • Giant roundleaf bat, Hipposideros gigas LC
  • Noack’s roundleaf bat, Hipposideros ruber LC
  • Commerson’s roundleaf bat, Hipposideros marungensis NT
44 Genus Triaenops

  • Persian trident bat, Triaenops persicus LC

The Order (pangolins) of Pholidota 

The Order (pangolins) of Pholidota
The Order (pangolins) of Pholidota

This includes the eight pangolin species. Pangolins are anteaters, with the same formidable claws, extended snout, and long tongue as other unrelated anteater species. 

Family Genus Categories
Manidae Manis
  • Ground pangolin, Manis temminckii LR/nt
  • Giant pangolin, Manis gigantea LR/lc
  • Tree pangolin, Manis tricuspis LR/lc

The Order (whales) of Cetacea

Dolphins, whales, and porpoises are all members of the Cetacea order. These animals are best adapted to an aquatic existence, spindle-shaped, virtually hairless and protected by a coating of blubber, forelimbs, and tail modified to facilitate underwater propulsion.

1 Suborder Mysticeti
2 Family Balaenopteridae
3 Subfamily Balaenopterinae
4 Genus Balaenoptera

  • Sei whale, Balaenoptera borealis EN
  • Common minke whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata LC
  • Bryde’s whale, Balaenoptera edeni DD
  • Fin whale, Balaenoptera physalus EN
  • Blue whale, Balaenoptera musculus EN
5 Subfamily Megapterinae
6 Genus Megaptera

  • Humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae VU
7 Suborder Odontoceti
8 Superfamily Platanistoidea
9 Family Physeteridae
10 Genus Physeter

  • Sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus VU
11 Family Kogiidae
12 Genus Kogia

  • Dwarf sperm whale, Kogia sima LR/lc
  • Pygmy sperm whale, Kogia breviceps LR/lc
13 Family Ziphidae
14 Subfamily Hyperoodontinae
15 Genus Indopacetus

  • Longman’s beaked whale, Indopacetus pacificus DD
16 Genus Ziphius

  • Cuvier’s beaked whale, Ziphius cavirostris DD
17 Genus Mesoplodon

  • Ginkgo-toothed beaked whale, Mesoplodon ginkgodens DD
  • Blainville’s beaked whale, Mesoplodon densirostris DD
18 Family Delphinidae (marine dolphins)
19 Genus Steno

  • Rough-toothed dolphin, Steno bredanensis DD
20 Genus Sousa

  • Indian humpback dolphin, Sousa plumbea DD
21 Genus Tursiops

  • Common bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus DD
  • Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops aduncus DD
22 Genus Stenella

  • Striped dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba LR/cd
  • Pantropical spotted dolphin, Stenella attenuata LR/cd
  • Spinner dolphin, Stenella longirostris LR/cd
23 Genus Lagenodelphis

  • Fraser’s dolphin, Lagenodelphis hosei DD
24 Genus Grampus

  • Risso’s dolphin, Grampus griseus DD
25 Genus Feresa

  • Pygmy killer whale, Feresa attenuata DD
26 Genus Pseudorca

  • False killer whale, Pseudorca crassidens LR/lc
27 Genus Orcinus

  • Orca, Orcinus orca LR/cd
28 Genus Globicephala

  • Short-finned pilot whale, Globicephala macrorhynchus LR/cd
29 Genus Peponocephala

  • Melon-headed whale, Peponocephala electra DD

The Order (carnivorans) of Carnivora

1 Suborder Feliformia
2 Family Felidae (cats)
3 Subfamily Felinae
4 Genus Acinonyx

  • Cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus VU
5 Genus Caracal

  • Caracal, C. caracal LC
6 Genus Felis

  • African wildcat, F. lybica LC
7 Genus Leptailurus

  • Serval, L. serval LC
8 Subfamily Pantherinae
9 Genus Panthera

  • Zanzibar leopard, P. p. pardus, possibly EX
  • Leopard, P. pardus VU
  • Lion, P. leo VU
  • African leopard, P. p. pardus
10 Family Viverridae
11 Subfamily Viverrinae
12 Genus Civettictis

  • African civet, C. civetta LC
13 Genus Genetta

  • Servaline genet, Genetta servalina LC
  • Common genet, Genetta genetta LC
  • Angolan genet, Genetta angolensis LC
  • Rusty-spotted genet, Genetta maculata LC
14 Family Nandiniidae
15 Genus Nandinia

  • African palm civet, Nandinia binotata LC
16 Family Herpestidae (mongooses)
17 Genus Atilax

  • Marsh mongoose, Atilax paludinosus LC
18 Genus Bdeogale

  • Bushy-tailed mongoose, B. crassicauda LC
  • Jackson’s mongoose, Bdeogale jacksoni VU
19 Genus Helogale

  • Common dwarf mongoose, Helogale parvula LC
20 Genus Herpestes

  • Common slender mongoose, Herpestes sanguinea LC
  • Egyptian mongoose, Herpestes ichneumon LC
21 Genus Mungos

  • Banded mongoose, Mungos mungo LClc
22 Genus Rhynchogale

  • Meller’s mongoose, Rhynchogale melleri LC
23 Genus Urva

  • Small Indian mongoose, Urva auropunctata LC introduced
24 Genus Xenogale

  • Long-nosed mongoose, Xenogale naso LC
25 Family Hyaenidae (hyaenas)
26 Genus Crocuta

  • Spotted hyena, Crocuta crocuta LC
27 Genus Hyaena

  • Striped hyena, Hyaena hyaena NT
28 Genus Proteles

  • Aardwolf, Proteles cristatus LC
29 Suborder Caniformia
30 Family Canidae (dogs, foxes)
31 Genus Canis

  • African golden wolf, Canis lupaster LC
32 Genus Lupulella

  • Black-backed jackal, L. mesomelas LC
  • Side-striped jackal, L. adusta LC
33 Genus Otocyon

  • Bat-eared fox, Otocyon megalotis LC
34 Genus Lycaon

35 Family Mustelidae (mustelids)
36 Genus Ictonyx

  • Striped polecat, Ictonyx striatus LC
37 Genus Poecilogale

  • African striped weasel, Poecilogale albinucha LC
38 Genus Mellivora

  • Honey badger, Mellivora capensis LC
39 Genus Hydrictis

  • Speckle-throated otter, Hydrictis maculicollis LC
40 Genus Aonyx

  • African clawless otter, Aonyx capensis LC

Perissodactyla Order (odd-toed ungulates)

These ungulates are mammals that browse and graze. They are typically very huge with varying sizes, a large middle toe and simple stomachs. 

Family Genus Categories
The Equidae; (horses etc.) Equus
  • Grant’s zebra, Equus quagga boehmi NT
  • Plains zebra
Rhinocerotidae Diceros
  • Black rhinoceros
  • Eastern black rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis michaeli CR

The Order (even-toed ungulates) of Artiodactyla

Even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is distributed almost evenly between the third and fourth toes, rather than primarily or wholly by the third, as in perissodactyls. There are over 220 artiodactyl species, many of which are economically significant to humans.

1 Family Suidae (pigs)
2 Subfamily Phacochoerinae
3 Genus Phacochoerus

  • Common warthog, Phacochoerus africanus LR/lc
4 Subfamily Suinae
5 Genus Hylochoerus

  • Giant forest hog, Hylochoerus meinertzhageni LR/lc
6 Genus Potamochoerus

  • Bushpig, Potamochoerus larvatus LR/lc
7 Family Hippopotamidae (hippopotamuses)
8 Genus Hippopotamus

  • Hippopotamus, Hippopotamus amphibius VU
9 Family Giraffidae (giraffe, okapi)
10 Genus Giraffa

  • Masai giraffe, Giraffa tippelskirchi VU
11 Family Bovidae (cattle, antelope, sheep, goats)
12 Subfamily Alcelaphinae
13 Genus Alcelaphus

  • Lichtenstein’s hartebeest, Alcelaphus lichtensteinii LR/cd
  • Hartebeest, A. buselaphus LC
14 Genus Connochaetes

15 Genus Damaliscus

  • Topi, Damaliscus lunatus LR/cd
16 Subfamily Antilopinae
17 Genus Gazella

  • Thomson’s gazelle, Gazella thomsonii LR/cd
  • Grant’s gazelle, Gazella granti LR/cd
18 Genus Litocranius

  • Gerenuk, Litocranius walleri LR/cd
19 Genus Madoqua

  • Kirk’s dik-dik, Madoqua kirkii LR/lc
20 Genus Neotragus

  • Suni, Neotragus moschatus LR/cd
21 Genus Oreotragus

  • Klipspringer, Oreotragus oreotragus LR/cd
22 Genus Ourebia

  • Oribi, Ourebia ourebi LR/cd
23 Genus Raphicerus

  • Sharpe’s grysbok, Raphicerus sharpei LR/cd
  • Steenbok, Raphicerus campestris LR/lc
24 Subfamily Bovinae
25 Genus Syncerus

  • African buffalo, S. caffer NT
26 Genus Tragelaphus

  • Sitatunga, Tragelaphus spekii LR/nt
  • Common eland, Tragelaphus oryx LR/cd
  • Lesser kudu, Tragelaphus imberbis LR/cd
  • Bushbuck, Tragelaphus scriptus LR/lc
  • Greater kudu, Tragelaphus strepsiceros LR/cd
27 Subfamily Cephalophinae
28 Genus Cephalophus

  • Weyns’s duiker, Cephalophus weynsi LR/nt
  • Peters’s duiker, Cephalophus callipygus LR/nt
  • Aders’s duiker, Cephalophus adersi CR
  • Harvey’s duiker, Cephalophus harveyi LR/cd
  • Red forest duiker, Cephalophus natalensis LR/cd
  • Blue duiker, Cephalophus monticola LR/lc
  • Abbott’s duiker, Cephalophus spadix VU
29 Genus Sylvicapra

  • Common duiker, Sylvicapra grimmia LR/lc
30 Subfamily Hippotraginae
31 Genus Hippotragus

  • Sable antelope, Hippotragus niger LR/cd
  • Roan antelope, Hippotragus equinus LR/cd
32 Genus Oryx

  • East African oryx, Oryx beisa RN
33 Subfamily Aepycerotinae
34 Genus Aepyceros

  • Impala, Aepyceros melampus LR/cd
35 Subfamily Reduncinae
36 Genus Kobus

  • Kob, Kobus kob LR/cd
  • Waterbuck, Kobus ellipsiprymnus LR/cd
  • Puku, Kobus vardonii LR/cd
37 Genus Redunca

  • Mountain reedbuck, Redunca fulvorufula LC
  • Southern reedbuck, Redunca arundinum LR/cd
  • Bohor reedbuck, Redunca redunca LR/cd

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