A Glimpse of Tanzania People and Their Cultures
Table of Contents
Overview of the Tanzania People
There is a striking blend of Tanzania people and cultures that creates a fabric of memories for visitors to the country.
Numerous Tanzania people of various origins calls the country home from the beginning of mankind when humanity was born in the savannahs of eastern and southern Africa. Tanzania’s past has been shaped by a succession of peoples, from the first Bantu settlers from the west and southern Africa to the Muslims from Shiraz in Iran and Oman, from the Portuguese people to the Germans settlers and the British. With independence in 1961, Tanzanians gained control of their own future.
The population of Tanzania people is about 26 million and 120 ethnic groups from Africa, none of which account for more than ten per cent of the population. The largest tribe, the Sukuma, dwell in the north-western section of the nation, southwards of Lake Victoria, alongside the Makonde, Nyamwezi, and Chagga of the Mt Kilimanjaro district. They are a commercially oriented people that have made a living on a combination of cotton growing and cattle herding.
Unlike most other African nations, most of the Tanzania people consider themselves first and primarily Tanzanians. This reflects the values introduced by Julius Nyerere, the country’s leader, for nearly two decades.
Ethnic Groups Making Up Tanzania People
The Hadzabe of north Tanzania has developed a lifestyle based on gathering food and hunting. In contrast, the Iraqw of central Mbulu highlands are recognized for their statuesque, motionless posture and sharply defined features. They make their food and raise their animals.
The Maasai are Tanzania people who are specifically pastoralists whose lifestyle and culture are built on cattle breeding, which are used to establish social position and wealth. They are possibly the most well-recognized of East Africa’s ethnic groupings.
They control much of the north of Tanzania, but only a tiny portion of their historic grazing grounds, which they now split with protected areas and other national parks. Their ochre-covered skin and single blue or red clothes make them highly identifiable.
The Chagga, who cultivate the mountainside northward of the Maasai grassland, reside on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro. They have a decent level of living because of cooperative farming.
The Makonde is a group of Tanzania people well known all over the world for their beautiful ebony carvings [sold all over much of Eastern Africa]. They dwell on the Makonde plateau, near the coast, and their isolation has produced in a high level of ethnic self-consciousness.
The Nyamwezi, whose title means ”People of the Moon”, were likely named because of their western location. The Nyamwezi were formerly prominent traders and are now cultivators. They were considered the most influential ethnic group in the interior by nineteenth-century European surveyors.
Long before any European arrival, the Haya, who live along the banks of Lake Victoria to the northwest of the Nyamwezi, produced and traded coffee and have since developed coffee and tea processing plants. Haya women make beautiful handicrafts.
The Ha live in a forested and bushy location and hold a strong belief in the mysterious. They live in absolute isolation with their long-horned cows, dressed in hides or bark fibres. They are famous for their creative expression, particularly dances and festivities.
Tanzania people will tell you that the fact that almost everyone understands Swahili in combination with their native tongue is the cause for the peaceful coexistence between the many different ethnic groups.
Impact of Swahili
Because the vast majority of the Tanzania people now accept and speaks Swahili well, English is widely understood. As a consequence of this linguistic condition, many of the 120 indigenous languages are gradually dying out with each new generation. On the other hand, Swahili has developed into a global language that is spoken across borders.
Swahili is one of the top 10 languages in the world. It is presently used in Uganda, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi, Zambia, and Mozambique, to name a few.
For more articles on the Tanzania Tribes click here!