Tanzanian Shilling – Insight About Symbol, Coins, Banknotes and History

Tanzanian Shilling – Insight About Symbol, Coins, Banknotes and History

The currency used by the Republic of Tanzania is Shilingi, a Swahili word for Shilling. The sign of the Tanzanian Shilling TSh and its code is TZS. The Tanzania Shilling subdivided further into 100 senti (cents). It was instituted on 14 June 1966 to replace the East African Shilling at par.

Shiliingi ya Taifa la Tanzania (Swahili)
Tanzania Shilling

1000 Tanzanian shillings note
1000 Tanzania shillings note

The Central Bank of Tanzania headoffice (Dar es Salaam)
The Central Bank of Tanzania headoffice (Dar es Salaam)
1000 Tanzania Shilling note The Central Bank of Tanzania head office (Dar es Salaam)
Denominations
Symbol Tsh
Subunit
1/100 Cent
Coins 500, 200,100, 50 shilling
Banknotes 10,000, 5000, 2000,1000 shilling
ISO 4217
Code TZS
Demographics
User countries Tanzania
Issuance
Website Bank of Tanzania website
Central Bank Bank of Tanzania
Valuation
Inflation 5.6 percent
 Source The World Factbook, 2015 est.

Symbol

Figures in TSh are denoted x/y, wherein x denotes the amount of money above 1 Tanzania Shilling, whereas y denotes the figure in cent. A hyphen or an equal sign stands for zero Tanzania Shillings. For instance, 50 cent is denoted as either “-/50” or as “=/50”, whereas 100 Tanzania shilling is denoted as “100/-“ or as “100/=”. However, TSh is commonly used for day to day references.

This pattern echoes the notation used by the British before decimalization was introduced when figures were written as a mixture of pounds (£), pence (d- denarius) and Tanzania Shilling(s). In this system, figures below a pound were denoted only in pence and shillings: sixpence was notated “-/6d” or “-/6”, two shillings as “2s/-“  or “2/-“, two shillings and six pence were written as “2/6d” or “2/6” and so on.

Coins

Coins were rolled out in 1966 in denominations of 50, 20, 5, cent as well as 1 shiling. The five cent coin was made of bronze, nickel-brass (an alloy of nickel-copper-zinc), was used for the 20 cent and cupro-nickel was used for both 1 Tanzanian shilling and 50 cent. Five Tanzanian Shilling coins struck Cupro-nickel and 10 cent struck in scalloped nickel-brass were later introduced in 1972 and 1977 respectively. Christopher Ironside OBE designed the first set of coin series which were in circulation between 1966 and 1984.

In 1987, cupro-nickel was replaced by nickel-coated steel in the 1 shilling as well as 50 cent, cupro-nickel was then used in the 10 and the decagonal shaped 5 Shilling coins which were being introduced. In 1990, 5, 10 Shilling and 20 Shilling made of nickel-clad-steel were introduced, accompanied by the introduction of 100 shilling made of brass-plated steel, as well as the introduction of the 50 shilling and the 200 copper-nickel-zinc coin in 1993 and 1998 respectively.

The coins that are presently in circulation include the 500, 200, 100 and 50 shillings. The 500-Tanzanian Shilling coin was introduced on September 8, 2014.

Tanzania 50 shilling coin back-v2

  Tanzanian Shilling Coins
Image Value Diameter Composition Thickness Weight Issued Edge

5 Tanzania cent coin
5 Tanzania cent coin
5 cent Dodecagonal

23.24 mm

bronze 1.33 mm 4.0 g 1966-1984 Smooth

Tanzania 10 cent coin
Tanzania 10 cent coin
10 cent Scalloped

25 mm

nickel-brass 1.49 mm 5.03 g 1977-1984 Smooth
20 cent 24 mm nickel-brass 5 g 1966-1984 Smooth
50 cent 21 mm copper-nickel 1.6 mm 4 g 1966-1984 Reeded
50 cent 21 mm nickel-plated steel 1.8 mm 4 g 1988-1990 Reeded
1 shilling 27.7 mm copper-nickel 1.62 mm 8 g 1966-1984 Reeded

Tanzania 1 shilling coin
Tanzania 1 shilling coin
1 shilling 23.5 mm nickel-plated steel 6.5 g 1987-1992 Reeded
5 shilling Decagonal

31.5 mm

copper-nickel 2.2 mm 13.8 g 1972-1980 Reeded; five smooth and segmented parts
5 shilling Decagonal

27.5 mm

copper-nickel 2 mm 8.3 g 1987-1989 Reeded; five smooth and segmented parts
5 shilling Decagonal

27.5 mm

nickel-plated steel 2 mm 8.52 g 1990-1993 Reeded
10 shilling 29 mm copper-nickel 2 mm 9.7 g 1987-1989 Reeded
Tanzania 10 shilling coin
Tanzania 10 shilling coin

Tanzania 10 shilling coin back
Tanzania 10 shilling coin back
10 shilling 29 mm nickel-plated steel 2.25 mm 10 g 1990-1993 Reeded
20 shilling Heptagonal

32 mm

nickel-plated steel 2 mm 13 g 1990-1992 Smooth
Tanzania 50 shilling coin-v2
Tanzania 50 shilling coin

Tanzania 50 shilling coin back-v2
Tanzania 50 shilling coin back
50 shilling Heptagonal

22 mm

brass-plated steel 2.9 mm 7.91 g 1996 Smooth
Tanzania 100 shilling coin
Tanzania 100 shilling coin

Tanzania 100 shilling coin back
Tanzania 100 shilling coin back
100 shilling 24.5 mm brass-plated steel 2.7 mm 9 g 1993 Reeded
Tanzania 200 shilling coin
Tanzania 200 shilling coin

Tanzania 200 shilling coin back
Tanzania 200 shilling coin back
200 shilling 26.8 mm copper-nickel-zinc 2 mm 8 g 1998 Reeded; five smooth and segmented parts
Tanzania 500 shilling coin
Tanzania 500 shilling coin

Tanzania 500 shilling coin back
Tanzania 500 shilling coin back
500 shilling 27.5 mm nickel-plated steel 2.4 mm 9.5 g 2014 Reeded

Banknotes

On June 14, 1996, Benki Kuu ya Tanzania (the Central Bank of Tanzania) issued noted for 100,20, 10,5 Tanzanian Shilling ( Also notated in Shillings). In 1972, the 5 shilling note was substituted with a coin. The other notes were issued as follows: 50 shilling in 1985, 200 in 1986, 500 in 1989 and 1000 in 1990. The shilling coins were substituted with notes as follows: 10 shilling in 1987, 20 shilling in 1990, 50 shilling in 1996 and 100 shilling in 1994. 10,000 and 5,000 shilling notes were issued in 1995, and the 2000 Tanzanian shilling was introduced in 2003. Another notes series was issued in 2011 which included several security features to combat counterfeiting.

The notes currently in circulation are 10,000, 5000, 2000, 1000 and 500 Tanzanian Shillings.

Older Series
Image Value Main Colour Dimensions Description Date issued
Obverse Reverse Reverse Obverse Watermark

Tanzania 10 shilling note
Tanzania 10 shilling note

Tanzania 10 shilling note back
Tanzania 10 shilling note back
10/- (Ten Shillings) Green Arusha Declaration Monument Julius Nyerere Giraffe

Tanzania 20 shilling note
Tanzania 20 shilling note

Tanzania 20 shilling note back
Tanzania 20 shilling note back
20/- (Twenty Shillings) Blue-violet General Tyre East Africa Plant Julius Nyerere

Tanzania 100 shilling note
Tanzania 100 shilling note

Tanzania 100 shilling note back
Tanzania 100 shilling note back
100/- (One Hundred Shillings) Red Maasai Julius Nyerere

1997 Series

 
Image Value Main Color Dimensions Description Date of issue Watermark
Reverse Obverse
500/- (Shilingi Mia Tano) Green 138 x 69 mm Uhuru Torch; Clove harvest coat of arm of Tanzania; Zebra; Giraffe 1997 Giraffe
1000/- (Shillingi Elfu Moja) Red 142 x 71 mm Entrance of People’s Bank of Zanzibar, Kiwira coal mine Coat of arms of Tanzania; Africann Elephant; Giraffe
1000/- (Shilingi Elfu Moja) Red 142 x 71 mm Kiwira coal mine; Door of People’s Bank of Zanzibar Coat of arms of Tanzania; African Elephant; Julius Nyerere 2000/-
5000/- (Shillingi Elfu Tano) Purple 145 x 73 mm Mt Kilimanjaro; Giraffes Tanzanian coat of arms; Rhino; Giraffe 1997
10,000/- (Shilingi Elfu Kumi) Indigo 149 x 75 mm Bank of Tanzania; “House of Wonder” (Zanzibar) Tanzanian coat of arms; Lion; Giraffe
2003 Series
Image Value Main color Dimensions Description Date of issue
Obverse Reverse Reverse Obverse Watermark

500 Tanzanian shillings note
500 Tanzanian shillings note

500 Tanzanian shillings note back
500 Tanzanian shillings note back
500/- (Shilingi Mia Tano) Green 130 × 63 mm Nkrumah Hall, University of Dar es Salaam African Buffalo Giraffe 2003

1000 Tanzanian shillings note
1000 Tanzanian shillings note

1000 Tanzanian shillings note back
1000 Tanzanian shillings note back
1000/- (Shilingi Elfu Moja) Blue 135 × 66 mm Statehouse, Dar es Salaam Julius Nyerere

2000 Tanzanian shillings note
2000 Tanzanian shillings note

2000 Tanzanian shillings note back
2000 Tanzanian shillings note back
2000/- (Shillingi Elfu Mbili) Orange-brown 140 × 69 mm Old Fort, Stone Town, Zanzibar Mount Kilimanjaro, Lion

5000 Tanzanian shillings note
5000 Tanzanian shillings note

5000 Tanzanian shillings note back
5000 Tanzanian shillings note back
5000/- (Shillingi Elfu Tano) Purple 145 × 72 mm House of Wonders Zanzibar and Geita gold Mine Black Rhinoceros

10 000 Tanzanian shillings note
10 000 Tanzanian shillings note

10 000 Tanzanian shillings note back
10 000 Tanzanian shillings note back
10,000/- (Shillingi Elfu Kumi) Red 150 × 75 mm Headquarters of the Bank of Tanzania in Dar es Salaam Elephant

Currently in Circulation

2011 Series
Image Values Main Colour Dimensions (mm) Description Date of issue Date of first issue Watermark
Obverse Reverse Reverse Obverse

500 Tanzania Shilling Front
500 Tanzania Shilling Front

500 Tanzania Shilling Back
500 Tanzania Shilling Back
500/- (Shilingi Mia Tano) Green 120 x 60 graduating students wearing gowns and caps; central hall of the University of Dar es Salaam;; Aesculap’s rod Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume ; coat of arms of Tanzania 2011 January 1 2010 Electrotype 500 and Julius Kambarage Nyerere

1000 Tanzania Shilling Front
1000 Tanzania Shilling Front

1000 Tanzania Shilling Back
1000 Tanzania Shilling Back
1000/- (Shillingi Elfu Moja) Blue 125 x 65 State House building (Ikulu) with flag of Tanzania in Dar es Salaam; Coffee plant; President Julius Kambarage Nyerere; Tanzanian coat of arms; Bismarck Rock in Mwanza Harbor Electrotype 1000 and Julius Kambarage Nyerere

2000 Tanzania Shilling Front
2000 Tanzania Shilling Front

2000 Tanzania Shilling Back
2000 Tanzania Shilling Back
2000/- (Shilingi Elfu Mbili) Orange 130 x 66  Ngome Kongwe-Old Omani Arab Fort in Stone Town in Zanzibar; Palm trees; carved block Lion; coat of arms Electotype 2000 and Julius Kambarage Nyerere

5000 Tanzania Shilling Front
5000 Tanzania Shilling Front

5000 Tanzania Shilling Back
5000 Tanzania Shilling Back
5000/- (Shillingi Elfu Tano) Purple 135 x 67 Cyanide Leaching plant of the gold mines of Geita Plant; Tanzanian coat of arms; black rhinoceros Electotype 5000 and Julius Nyerere

10000 Tanzania Shilling Front
10000 Tanzania Shilling Front

10000 Tanzania Shilling Back
10000 Tanzania Shilling Back
10,000/- (Shilingi Elfu Kumi) Red 140 x 68 Headquaters of the Bank of Tanzania in Dar es Salaam; Flowers Elephant; Tanzanian coat of arms; Elephant Electrotype 10000 and Julius Nyerere

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