Tanzanian Shilling – Insight About Symbol, Coins, Banknotes and History
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The currency used by the Republic of Tanzania is Shilingi, a Swahili word for Shilling. The sign of the Tanzanian Shilling TSh and its code is TZS. The Tanzania Shilling subdivided further into 100 senti (cents). It was instituted on 14 June 1966 to replace the East African Shilling at par.
|Shiliingi ya Taifa la Tanzania (Swahili)|
|Coins||500, 200,100, 50 shilling|
|Banknotes||10,000, 5000, 2000,1000 shilling|
|Website||Bank of Tanzania website|
|Central Bank||Bank of Tanzania|
|Source||The World Factbook, 2015 est.|
Figures in TSh are denoted x/y, wherein x denotes the amount of money above 1 Tanzania Shilling, whereas y denotes the figure in cent. A hyphen or an equal sign stands for zero Tanzania Shillings. For instance, 50 cent is denoted as either “-/50” or as “=/50”, whereas 100 Tanzania shilling is denoted as “100/-“ or as “100/=”. However, TSh is commonly used for day to day references.
This pattern echoes the notation used by the British before decimalization was introduced when figures were written as a mixture of pounds (£), pence (d- denarius) and Tanzania Shilling(s). In this system, figures below a pound were denoted only in pence and shillings: sixpence was notated “-/6d” or “-/6”, two shillings as “2s/-“ or “2/-“, two shillings and six pence were written as “2/6d” or “2/6” and so on.
Coins were rolled out in 1966 in denominations of 50, 20, 5, cent as well as 1 shiling. The five cent coin was made of bronze, nickel-brass (an alloy of nickel-copper-zinc), was used for the 20 cent and cupro-nickel was used for both 1 Tanzanian shilling and 50 cent. Five Tanzanian Shilling coins struck Cupro-nickel and 10 cent struck in scalloped nickel-brass were later introduced in 1972 and 1977 respectively. Christopher Ironside OBE designed the first set of coin series which were in circulation between 1966 and 1984.
In 1987, cupro-nickel was replaced by nickel-coated steel in the 1 shilling as well as 50 cent, cupro-nickel was then used in the 10 and the decagonal shaped 5 Shilling coins which were being introduced. In 1990, 5, 10 Shilling and 20 Shilling made of nickel-clad-steel were introduced, accompanied by the introduction of 100 shilling made of brass-plated steel, as well as the introduction of the 50 shilling and the 200 copper-nickel-zinc coin in 1993 and 1998 respectively.
The coins that are presently in circulation include the 500, 200, 100 and 50 shillings. The 500-Tanzanian Shilling coin was introduced on September 8, 2014.
Tanzania 50 shilling coin back-v2
|Tanzanian Shilling Coins|
|bronze||1.33 mm||4.0 g||1966-1984||Smooth|
|nickel-brass||1.49 mm||5.03 g||1977-1984||Smooth|
|20 cent||24 mm||nickel-brass||5 g||1966-1984||Smooth|
|50 cent||21 mm||copper-nickel||1.6 mm||4 g||1966-1984||Reeded|
|50 cent||21 mm||nickel-plated steel||1.8 mm||4 g||1988-1990||Reeded|
|1 shilling||27.7 mm||copper-nickel||1.62 mm||8 g||1966-1984||Reeded|
|1 shilling||23.5 mm||nickel-plated steel||6.5 g||1987-1992||Reeded|
|copper-nickel||2.2 mm||13.8 g||1972-1980||Reeded; five smooth and segmented parts|
|copper-nickel||2 mm||8.3 g||1987-1989||Reeded; five smooth and segmented parts|
|nickel-plated steel||2 mm||8.52 g||1990-1993||Reeded|
|10 shilling||29 mm||copper-nickel||2 mm||9.7 g||1987-1989||Reeded|
|10 shilling||29 mm||nickel-plated steel||2.25 mm||10 g||1990-1993||Reeded|
|nickel-plated steel||2 mm||13 g||1990-1992||Smooth|
|brass-plated steel||2.9 mm||7.91 g||1996||Smooth|
|100 shilling||24.5 mm||brass-plated steel||2.7 mm||9 g||1993||Reeded|
|200 shilling||26.8 mm||copper-nickel-zinc||2 mm||8 g||1998||Reeded; five smooth and segmented parts|
|500 shilling||27.5 mm||nickel-plated steel||2.4 mm||9.5 g||2014||Reeded|
On June 14, 1996, Benki Kuu ya Tanzania (the Central Bank of Tanzania) issued noted for 100,20, 10,5 Tanzanian Shilling ( Also notated in Shillings). In 1972, the 5 shilling note was substituted with a coin. The other notes were issued as follows: 50 shilling in 1985, 200 in 1986, 500 in 1989 and 1000 in 1990. The shilling coins were substituted with notes as follows: 10 shilling in 1987, 20 shilling in 1990, 50 shilling in 1996 and 100 shilling in 1994. 10,000 and 5,000 shilling notes were issued in 1995, and the 2000 Tanzanian shilling was introduced in 2003. Another notes series was issued in 2011 which included several security features to combat counterfeiting.
The notes currently in circulation are 10,000, 5000, 2000, 1000 and 500 Tanzanian Shillings.
|Image||Value||Main Colour||Dimensions||Description||Date issued|
|10/- (Ten Shillings)||Green||–||Arusha Declaration Monument||Julius Nyerere||Giraffe||–|
||20/- (Twenty Shillings)||Blue-violet||–||General Tyre East Africa Plant||Julius Nyerere|
|100/- (One Hundred Shillings)||Red||–||Maasai||Julius Nyerere|
|Image||Value||Main Color||Dimensions||Description||Date of issue||Watermark|
|500/- (Shilingi Mia Tano)||Green||138 x 69 mm||Uhuru Torch; Clove harvest||coat of arm of Tanzania; Zebra; Giraffe||1997||Giraffe|
|1000/- (Shillingi Elfu Moja)||Red||142 x 71 mm||Entrance of People’s Bank of Zanzibar, Kiwira coal mine||Coat of arms of Tanzania; Africann Elephant; Giraffe|
|1000/- (Shilingi Elfu Moja)||Red||142 x 71 mm||Kiwira coal mine; Door of People’s Bank of Zanzibar||Coat of arms of Tanzania; African Elephant; Julius Nyerere||2000/-|
|5000/- (Shillingi Elfu Tano)||Purple||145 x 73 mm||Mt Kilimanjaro; Giraffes||Tanzanian coat of arms; Rhino; Giraffe||1997|
|10,000/- (Shilingi Elfu Kumi)||Indigo||149 x 75 mm||Bank of Tanzania; “House of Wonder” (Zanzibar)||Tanzanian coat of arms; Lion; Giraffe|
|Image||Value||Main color||Dimensions||Description||Date of issue|
|500/- (Shilingi Mia Tano)||Green||130 × 63 mm||Nkrumah Hall, University of Dar es Salaam||African Buffalo||Giraffe||2003|
||1000/- (Shilingi Elfu Moja)||Blue||135 × 66 mm||Statehouse, Dar es Salaam||Julius Nyerere|
|2000/- (Shillingi Elfu Mbili)||Orange-brown||140 × 69 mm||Old Fort, Stone Town, Zanzibar||Mount Kilimanjaro, Lion|
|5000/- (Shillingi Elfu Tano)||Purple||145 × 72 mm||House of Wonders Zanzibar and Geita gold Mine||Black Rhinoceros|
||10,000/- (Shillingi Elfu Kumi)||Red||150 × 75 mm||Headquarters of the Bank of Tanzania in Dar es Salaam||Elephant|
Currently in Circulation
|Image||Values||Main Colour||Dimensions (mm)||Description||Date of issue||Date of first issue||Watermark|
|500/- (Shilingi Mia Tano)||Green||120 x 60||graduating students wearing gowns and caps; central hall of the University of Dar es Salaam;; Aesculap’s rod||Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume ; coat of arms of Tanzania||2011||January 1 2010||Electrotype 500 and Julius Kambarage Nyerere|
|1000/- (Shillingi Elfu Moja)||Blue||125 x 65||State House building (Ikulu) with flag of Tanzania in Dar es Salaam; Coffee plant;||President Julius Kambarage Nyerere; Tanzanian coat of arms; Bismarck Rock in Mwanza Harbor||Electrotype 1000 and Julius Kambarage Nyerere|
||2000/- (Shilingi Elfu Mbili)||Orange||130 x 66||Ngome Kongwe-Old Omani Arab Fort in Stone Town in Zanzibar; Palm trees; carved block||Lion; coat of arms||Electotype 2000 and Julius Kambarage Nyerere|
|5000/- (Shillingi Elfu Tano)||Purple||135 x 67||Cyanide Leaching plant of the gold mines of Geita||Plant; Tanzanian coat of arms; black rhinoceros||Electotype 5000 and Julius Nyerere|
|10,000/- (Shilingi Elfu Kumi)||Red||140 x 68||Headquaters of the Bank of Tanzania in Dar es Salaam; Flowers||Elephant; Tanzanian coat of arms; Elephant||Electrotype 10000 and Julius Nyerere|
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