Tanzania President - List, Powers, Salary and More

Tanzania President: List, Powers, Salary and More

Overview of the Tanzanian President Title

The Leader of the Unified Republic of Tanzania [ in Swahili it means ”Rais wa Jamhuri ya-Muungano wa” Tanzania] serves as the country’s commander-in- chief and government. The President is the commanding general of the People of Tanzania’s Defence Army and heads the executive arm of the Tanzanian administration. The Tanzania President is always elected for a 5-year term. They have been limited to just two ruling terms since 1992, whether consecutive or separated.

President John Magufuli
President John Magufuli

Following the passing away of John Magufuli on March 17th, 2021, Samia Hassan Suluhu was sworn in as the first Feminine Tanzania President on March 19th, 2021.

Executive Powers of the Tanzanian President

Tanzania President is the Army’s Commanding general and is “answerable to a legislature made up of elected officials and the Tanzania people‘s representatives.”

Latest Tanzania President Election

Candidates Running mates Political Parties Votes %
  John Magufuli Samia Suluhu Chama cha Mapinduzi Political Party 12,516,252 Votes 84.40 per cent
  Tundu Lissu Salum M. Juma Chadema Political Party 1,933,271 Votes 13.04 per cent
  Bernard Kamillius Membe Omar F. Hamad Alliance for Transparency and Change Political Party (ATC Wazalendo) 81,129 Votes 0.55 per cent
  Leopord Lucas Mahona Khamis A. Hassan National Reconstruction Alliance Party 80,787 Votes 0.54 per cent
  Ibrahim Haruna Lipumba Hamida H. Abdalla Civic United Front Party (CUF) 72,885 Votes 0.49 per cent
  John Paul Shibuda Hassan K. Kijogoo Tanzania Democratic Alliance Political Party 33,086 Votes 0.22 per cent
  Hashim S. Rungwe Mohammed Massoud R. Chama-cha Ukombozi-wa Umma Party 32,878 Votes 0.22 per cent
  Yeremia K. Maganja Khamis Haji A. NCCR–Mageuzi Party 19,969 Votes 0.13 per cent
  Muttamwega B. Mgaywa Satia M. Bebwa Sauti ya-Umma Political party 14,922 Votes 0.10 per cent
  Cecilia A. Mwanga Tabu M. Juma Attentive Democracy Political Party 14,556 Votes 0.10 per cent
  Philipo J. Fumbo Zaina J. Khamis Democratic Party 8,283 Votes 0.06 per cent
  Queen Cuthbert Sendiga Khamis J. Shoka Alliance for Democratic Change Political party 7,627 Votes 0.05 per cent
  Twalib Ibrahim Kadege Ramadhan A. Abdallah United People’s Democratic Political Party 6,194 Votes 0.04 per cent
  Seif M. Seif Rashid L. Rai Alliance for African Farmers political Party 4,635 Votes 0.03 per cent
  Khalfan M. Mazrui Mashavu A. Haji Union for Multi-party Democracy 3,721 Votes 0.03 per cent
Total 14,830,195 Votes 100.00 per cent
Valid votes 14,830,195 votes 98.27 per cent
Invalid/blank votes 261,755 votes 1.73per cent
Total number of votes 15,091,950 votes One hundred per cent
Registered voters\turnout 29,754,699 votes 50.72per cent

List of Officials Who Have Held the Tanzanian President Title

Sir Richard G. Turnbull

Sir Richard G. Turnbull first headed the nation as major general after gaining sovereignty in 1961 as Tanganyika, until Julius K. Nyerere became the 1st and sole President under the 1962 constitution. Except for Samia Suluhu Hassan, who served just a single term after the merging of Zanzibar and Tanganyika in 1964, the 1964 constitution featured six presidents, all of whom served multiple terms. Julius Nyerere was Tanzania President from 1962 until 1985, serving a total of five terms, four of which were under the 1964 national constitution. The TANU [Tanganyika African National Union] party, which later merged to form the Chama Cha Mapinduzi political party, has produced all Tanzania Presidents.

Julius Nyerere

Julius K. Nyerere [April 13th 1922 — October 14th 1999; in Swahili pronunciation: [”dʒuːlius kɑmˈbɑɾɑgɑ ɲɛˈɾɛɾɛ”] was a Tanzanian politician, anti-colonial activist, and political philosopher. He served as PM of Tanganyika from 1961 – 1962, then as Head of state from 1963 – 1964, before becoming Tanzania President from 1964 to 1985. From 1954 through 1990, he was a founding father and chairman of the TANU [Tanganyika African National Union] and its successor, Chama Cha Mapinduzi Political party. He was an African socialist and an African nationalist who supported the Ujamaa political philosophy.

Ali Hassan Mwinyi

Ali Hassan Mwinyi [born May 8th, 1925] is a Tanzanian political figure who served as the 2nd Tanzania President from 1985 – 1995. Minister Of Interior and Vice President are among his previous positions. From the beginning of 1990 until 1996, he was also the leader of the ruling CCM [Chama Cha Mapinduzi] Party.

Tanzania took the initial steps to overturn Julius Nyerere’s socialist policies when Mwinyi was Tanzania President. Import restrictions were eased, and private enterprise was promoted. Multi-party politics were adopted during his second administration in response to pressure from both international and internal sources for reform. He fought for the liberalization of morality, beliefs, values [without infringing the law] and the economy and was known as ”Mzee Rukhsa” [ meaning, Everything Goes].

Benjamin Mkapa

Benjamin William Mkapa [November 12th, 1938, to July 24th, 2020] was 3rd Tanzania President, serving from 1995 – 2005. He was the Revolutionary Government political Party’s Chairman [CCM, Chama Cha Mapinduzi].

President Benjamin Mkapa
President Benjamin Mkapa

Jakaya Kikwete

Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete [born On October 7th, 1950] is a Tanzanian political figure who served as the 4th Tanzania President from 2005 until 2015. Prior to his presidency, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs under his forerunner, Benjamin Mkapa, from 1995 to 2005. From 2008 to 2009, he was the African Union’s chairperson, and from 2012 to 2013, he was the Head of the SADC’s [Southern African Development Community] Troika on Peace, Security, and Défense. Jakaya Mrisho was born and grew up in the Pwani District and attended Dar es Salaam University.

John Magufuli

John Pombe J. Magufuli [October 29th, 1959, to March 17th, 2021) was 5th Tanzania President, serving from 2015 to 2021 when he died. From the beginning of 2000 – 2005 and 2010 to 2015, he was Minister of Works, Transportation and Communication, and from 2019 to 2020, he was President of the SADC [Southern African Development Community].

For more articles related to Government of Tanzania and the Society (Community), click here!